The German shepherd is a dog that has lived with us for centuries, intelligent, active, sociable, with a great capacity for teamwork, strong and a long list that we can summarize by saying that it is an extraordinary breed. He has a predisposition to the surveillance and protection of his family, so he must be taught well from an early age to avoid possible problems later. Although it is far from being an aggressive dog by nature, it is a very courageous dog that will defend us if it is really necessary. Do you live with a German shepherd and you have doubts about what to teach him and how to do it? So, here we invite you to continue reading this article so that you know how to train a German Shepherd And so you can enjoy your best friend to the fullest, because that way he will be a balanced and happy dog.
Socialization of the German Shepherd puppy
The socialization of a dog from puppyhood is very important, getting it used to a series of things in its environment, what is good for it to do and what is not, and a routine are points in its education that will make it a balanced dog. With a good socialization we will have an obedient, mentally healthy, happy and easygoing furry. It is best to train a dog from an early age, making the most of the stage in their life when they learn most easily. The first months are very important, but educating an adult dog well is also perfectly possible.
It is really important that to be successful when educating a German Shepherd, from the beginning we base ourselves on a positive reinforcement education, leaving aside the yelling, sudden movements, punishments, etc. It is better to ignore negative behaviors and always reward good and positive ones, in this way we will get the dog to prefer to behave well and not pay attention to the other habits that we have ignored. Obviously if it is something serious, such as attacking someone or another dog, instead of ignoring it, we must act and make them understand that they should not do it, but it is not at all recommended that we do it aggressively and, if we see it necessary Let’s go to a canine behavior professional to help us.
To socialize the puppy successfully, you must gradually introduce him to his day-to-day things. For example, so that he gets used to the noises of the street from a very young age, even if he still cannot step on the ground because he does not have the necessary vaccines, it will be good for you to walk him in your arms for a while every day. Thus, for him the noises of cars, people and bicycles will be normal. When he can walk down the street it will be good that, at times and little by little, during the walk you let him get close to other dogs, the elderly and children. We must try that the first contact you have is as positive as possible to avoid fear. In the same gradual way, we will have to accustom it to other family members, pets, friends, the veterinarian andto relieve themselves outside the home. There are many things to take into account to train a puppy well, so we recommend that you also read this article on how to socialize a puppy.
Educating a German Shepherd
Raising an adult German Shepherd who has his defined character and behavior is also possible. You can learn both new things and correct some that are not suitable, such as how to walk or lose your fear of people. The most important thing to keep in mind is that, as it is already a trained mind, the German Shepherd Dog who has to change habits and learn things will need more dedication and patience than a puppy.
Whenever we use positive reinforcement, our dog will learn faster and better everything we teach him, be it some new commands for him such as coming to your side, sitting or lying down, or, to behave when there are visitors at home. In addition, the German or Alsatian shepherd does not have any difficulty in learning new things throughout his life, as he is one of the most intelligent breeds. You should spend a few minutes each day teaching him those new tricks that you want him to learn or whatever is necessary to improve coexistence, but you should not overdo it because it will become very boring for the dog and he will get tired, without learning anything. We recommend that you spend no more than 15 or 20 minutes at a time each time you start teaching your faithful friend something new. It is important to note that it is not a good thing to teach him things with punishment and yelling, because these outdated techniques only end up damaging the dogs and only generate aggressiveness and unwanted behaviors, since they expose the dog to great stress and even fear.
Advanced education and training
Because the German Shepherd has a great ability to learn and work alongside his human companion, he has been used as a working dog forever. These dogs can work as shepherds, police dogs, firefighters, rescue and even therapy dogs, so they are a really versatile breed and it is not very difficult to educate a German shepherd.
Having these capacities is good for the mental and physical health of our dog that, although we do not make him work in any of the previous professions, we offer him the opportunity to receive a more complete and advanced training. We recommend that you allow him to practice circuits and exercise routines to stimulate him with tunnels, ramps, etc. If you want me to develop any of these skills in a more specific way, it will be good if you go to a professional in dog education and training to guide you both as best as possible. If you decide to do it, you will see that your German Shepherd is a more balanced, complete and happy dog than ever.
Necessary exercise for a German shepherd
Like any other dog, this breed needs daily exercise to tire physically and mentally, thus feeling complete and relaxed. It is good to go for a walk three times a day and that at some point during the walk the dog is let loose for a few minutes to explore at will. We must let him sniff his surroundings, run, interact with others of his kind and with people, etc., this will be a way to enrich him and free him from stress and excess energy. It is not recommended that you spend hours every day exercising your German Shepherd, think that he must also rest and recover and that, in addition, this breed suffers from hip problems and, therefore, it is good that you know how to take care of a dog with hip dysplasia.
It is very important that you train your dog to walk well when he is on a leash and you can also teach your dog to walk without a leash, to learn to walk close to you and to come to your side when you call him. If you have problems during the walk because your dog stretches too much on the leash or crosses a lot in front of you when walking, you can try to improve it by changing the collar for a special harness to avoid pulling and stopping when it is wrong and try to correct it with patience, congratulating him when he gets it right. Remember that if you still cannot improve, you can go to an ethologist or a canine educator. Now that you know how to train a German shepherd, we invite you to read this article in which we explain how to care for a German shepherd.